Some of the conditions our cardiology team diagnoses and treats include:
Advanced Heart Failure
UF Health Leesburg Hospital has been recognized as a High Performing Hospital by U.S. News and World Report in the area of heart failure. Heart failure (which can by systolic or diastolic) is a chronic, progressive condition that prevents the heart from pumping blood efficiently and effectively to the rest of the body. Left untreated, the heart continues to weaken.
Our cardiologists and electrophysiologists are among the most experienced in Central Florida in diagnosing and treating patients with heart rhythm disorders, such as atrial fibrillation and bradycardia.
We offer advanced options to treat patients who have hardening of the arteries - a condition known as atherosclerosis.
We have set the standard in the region for non-surgical and surgical atrial fibrillation (Afib) care. Afib is the most common form of arrhythmia or heart rhythm abnormality. Procedures include Atrial Cardiac Ablation - a procedure which uses catheters to map your heart's electrical signals, and then to scar or destroy those tissues allowing incorrect electrical signals to cause an abnormal heart rhythm, and Maze Surgery - where the physician creates a maze of scar tissue on the part of the heart that relays the electrical signals that control your heartbeat.
Atrial Septal Defects
Our cardiologists guide patients with an atrial septal defect (ASD) through diagnosis and treatment. An ASD is a "hole" in the wall that separates the top two chambers of the heart. This defect allows oxygen-rich blood to leak into the oxygen-poor blood chambers in the heart.
For patients with bradycardia, the heart may beat fewer than 60 beats per minute which could lead to dizziness and fatigue. Our hospital was the first in the region to insert a tiny pacemaker, which is one tenth of the size of a normal pacemaker, to correct bradycardia.
Our physicians use advanced diagnostic testing to determine if a patient has cardiomyopathy which causes a weakening of the heart muscle. Treatment plans may be created based on the causes, other conditions, and potential complications.
Carotid Artery Disease
Several of our cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons have benefited from clinical trials conducted locally that looked at the efficacy of different treatment options for carotid artery disease. Using the best treatment option for each patient can help reduce the risk of stroke and other complications.
Chest pain is a major warning sign that a heart attack could be looming. The American College of Cardiology recognizes UF Health Leesburg Hospital for its demonstrated expertise and commitment in treating patients with chest pain by awarding a Chest Pain Center Accreditation with Primary PCI and Resuscitation - its highest and best level of accreditation.
Chest pain is always an emergency. If you should experience a sudden onset of chest pain, call 9-1-1 immediately. When it comes to a heart attack, time is muscle - the longer you delay, the greater the damage that can be done.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease develops when the major blood vessels that supply your heart with blood, oxygen and nutrients (coronary arteries) become damaged. This may occur if fats, cholesterol and other substances attach and build up in the walls of your arteries to form a type of plaque, which narrows the artery and obstructs proper blood flow. Our cardiologists and interventional cardiologists use a number of treatment options, depending on the amount and location of the occlusion.
A heart attack can occur when one or more arteries become blocked. The main goal of treatment is to get blood flowing again as quickly as possible, and may include a combination of treatment options including medications, interventional procedures or bypass surgery.
A heart murmur may be innocent or abnormal. Treatment depends on the cause, and may include medications, heart valve replacement or repair. Most murmurs are detected on examination by a cardiologist using a stethoscope. Further testing may be required to determine the cause and extent of the condition.
Mitral Valve Prolapse
This condition occurs when the valve flaps of the mitral valve do not close smoothly or evenly, and bulge (prolapse) upward into the left atrium. Only about ten to fifteen percent of patients with mitral valve prolapse require surgical repair.
These conditions refer to the inflammation of the heart or the membrane sac around the heart. Our cardiologists provide state-of-the-art care and support for patients with pericarditis and myocarditis, which can usually be treated medically. The cause could be viral, autoimmune, as a response to a heart attack, heart surgery, radiation therapy or a percutaneous treatment, such as cardiac cath. It is rare that a surgical procedure may be needed.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease often accompanies heart disease or may stand alone. It is any disease or disorder of the circulatory system not in the heart or brain. Diagnosis and treatment can be very similar to cardiovascular disease.
Rheumatic Heart Disease
Our physicians can provide you with specialized care to treat rheumatic heart disease which results in damage to one or more heart valves after a bout of rheumatic fever.
Your heartbeat is controlled by a steady flow of electricity through the heart. A short-circuit anywhere along this electrical pathway can disrupt the normal flow of signals, causing a rhythm disorder. Rhythm disorders (also known as arrhythmias or dysrhythmias), are irregular heartbeats or abnormal heart rhythms, which occur when the heart’s electrical system sends faulty signals to the heart muscle. These signals regulate the heart’s pumping action, and when they are disrupted, can cause the heart to pump less effectively. This may occur as a result of congenital heart disease, coronary blockages, heart events such as a heart attack or prior heart surgery. Our electrophysiologists are cardiologists who are experts in diagnosing and treating these complex conditions which include bradycardia (slow heart rate), tachycardia (rapid heart rate), atrial fibrillation (irregular heartbeat) and others. They provide the expertise to meet each patient’s care needs with treatment options that include medications, pacemaker and cardioverter/defibrillator implantation, ablations, and surgical Maze therapy to restore normal heart rhythm.
Sudden Cardiac Death
This is also called sudden cardiac arrest. If someone suddenly collapses, loses consciousness and stops breathing, it is called sudden cardiac arrest. Survival can be as high as 90 percent if treatment is initiated within the first minutes, but decreases by about ten percent each minute longer. Those who survive have a good long-term outlook.
Women's Heart Disease
Women often have different risk factors for heart disease and may present to physicians or the hospital with different symptoms during a heart event. Our cardiologists understand many of the ways treating and managing heart disease in women is different than men.